Energy Harvesting from the Secondary Resonances of a Nonlinear Piezoelectric Beam under Hard Harmonic Excitation

M Rezaei, SE Khadem (Tarbiat Modares University, Iran) & MI Friswell (Swansea University)

Meccanica, Vol. 55, No. 7, July 2020, pp. 1463-1479


This paper investigates the dynamical response of a nonlinear piezoelectric (PZT) energy harvester under a hard harmonic excitation and assesses its output power. The system is composed of a unimorph cantilever beam with a tip mass and exposed to an harmonic tip excitation with a hard forcing amplitude. First, the governing dimensionless nonlinear electromechanical ordinary differential equations (ODEs) are obtained. Next, the multiple scales method (MSM) is exploited to provide an approximate-analytical solution for the ODEs in hard and soft forcing scenarios. It is observed that, the hard force results in sub- and super-harmonic resonances. The MSM-based solutions are then validated by a numerical integration method and a good agreement is observed between the approximate-analytical and numerical results. Furthermore, utilizing the MSM-based solutions for the subharmonic, superharmonic, and soft primary resonances cases, the associated frequency and force response curves are constructed. It is revealed that the hard excitation leads to a remarkable voltage generation in the secondary resonances; this leads to a broadband energy harvesting. In addition, the time-domain electrical responses of the secondary resonances are also obtained and compared with each other. Finally, the three-dimensional graphs of the electrical power versus detuning parameter and time constant ratio in the cases of the secondary resonances are plotted. The results show that the optimum output power of the superharmonic resonance is considerably larger than the maximum power of the subharmonic resonance case.

Paper Availability

This material has been published in Meccanica, Vol. 55, No. 7, July 2020, pp. 1463-1479, the only definitive repository of the content that has been certified and accepted after peer review. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by Springer.

Link to paper using doi: 10.1007/s11012-020-01187-13