Electric Field Distribution in Porous Piezoelectric Materials during Polarization

G Martínez-Ayuso, MI Friswell, H Haddad Khodaparast (Swansea University), JI Roscow & CR Bowen (University of Bath)

Acta Materialia, Vol. 173, July 2019, pp. 332-341


High piezoelectric coupling coefficients enable the harvesting of more energy or increase the sensitivity of sensors which work using the principle of piezoelectricity. These coefficients depend on the material properties, but the manufacturing process can have a significant impact on the resulting overall coefficients. During the manufacturing process, one of the main steps is the process of polarization. The degree of polarization depends on multiple factors and it can strongly influence the final piezoelectric coefficients. In this paper, a study on the electric field distribution on the sensitivity of the main piezoelectric and dielectric coefficients to the polarization process is performed, focusing on porous piezoelectric materials. Different inclusion geometries are considered, namely spherical, ellipsoidal and spheres with cracks. The electric field distribution at the micro scale within a representative volume element is modelled to determine the material polarization level using the finite element method. The results show that the electric field distribution is highly dependent on the inclusion geometries and cracks and it has a noticeable impact on the equivalent piezoelectric coefficients. These results are compared with experimental measurements from published literature. Good agreement is found between the ellipsoidal model and the experimental data.

Paper Availability

This material has been published in the Acta Materialia, Vol. 173, July 2019, pp. 332-341, the only definitive repository of the content that has been certified and accepted after peer review. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by Elsevier.

Link to paper using doi: 10.1016/j.actamat.2019.04.021

Acta Materialia on ScienceDirect