Finite Element Models of Spot Welds in Structural Dynamics: Review and Updating

M Palmonella (University of Wales Swansea), MI Friswell (University of Bristol), JE Mottershead (University of Liverpool) & AW Lees (University of Wales Swansea)

Computers and Structures, Vol. 83, No. 8-9, March 2005, pp. 648-661


Spot welds are used extensively in the automotive industry to join panels, and car bodies contain many thousands of spot welds. Different finite element models of spot welds have been created for various types of analysis. When structures with many spot welds are analysed, these detailed models have too many degrees of freedom to be used in practice. Simple models that use few elements must be used instead. This paper reviews the spot weld models available in the literature. Model updating based on the measured vibration characteristics is then used to improve the accuracy of the most common coarse models of spot welds.

Paper Availability

This material has been published in the Computers and Structures, Vol. 83, No. 8-9, March 2005, pp. 648-661, the only definitive repository of the content that has been certified and accepted after peer review. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by Elsevier.

Link to paper using doi:10.1016/j.compstruc.2004.11.003

Computers and Structures on ScienceDirect