The Identification of the Unbalance of a Flexible Rotating Machine from a Single Run-Down

AW Lees (University of Wales Swansea), JK Sinha (Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India) & MI Friswell (University of Bristol)

ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines & Power, Vol. 126, No. 2, April 2004, pp. 416-421


The reliable estimation of a flexible foundation model and the state of unbalance (both amplitude and phase) of turbogenerator from machine run-down measured vibration data is an active research area. Earlier studies on the estimation of both these quantities used the whole frequency range of the run-down as a single band. However, such an identification may be inaccurate for large flexible foundations having many modes in the run-down frequency range. For reliable identification, the whole frequency range has to be divided into a number of frequency bands and the frequency dependent foundation models have to be estimated together with the unbalance. This paper combines the unbalance estimation with the split frequency range for the foundation model, and the highlights the limitations observed during estimation of foundation models and state of unbalance. It is shown that the accuracy of the method may be enhanced by judicious choice of a weighting function. Having established the method in simulation, experimental data from a 3 m long test rig, with four journal bearings, is used to test the method. The approach seems to give reliable estimates of the machine unbalance.

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This material has been published in the Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines & Power, Vol. 126, No. 2, April 2004, pp. 416-421, the only definitive repository of the content that has been certified and accepted after peer review. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by the ASME.

Link to paper using doi:10.1115/1.1691441

Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines & Power