Evaluation of Optimal Sensor Placement Algorithms for the Structural Health Monitoring of Architectural Heritage. Application to the Monastery of San Jerónimo de Buenavista (Seville, Spain)

P Pachón (Universidad de Sevilla, Spain), M Infantes (Universidad de Córdoba, Spain), M Cámara, V Compán (Universidad de Sevilla, Spain), E García-Macías (University of Perugia, Italy), MI Friswell (Swansea University) & R Castro-Triguero (Universidad de Córdoba, Spain)

Engineering Structures, Vol. 202, January 2020, paper 109843


In recent years, Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) based on Operational Modal Analysis (OMA) and damage detection tools has become a popular non-destructive solution to assess the real-time integrity of any kind of structure. This technique is especially well-suited for the condition-based conservation of historical structures, where minimal invasiveness must be ensured owing to their high cultural and architectural value. Optimal Sensor Placement (OSP) techniques represent a valuable tool for efficiently designing the sensor layout in a SHM system in order to achieve an effective modal identification with a reduced number of sensors and, consequently, an improved cost efficiency. In this light, this paper proposes a design methodology of sensor networks based on OSP techniques suitable for historical structures. To do so, a preliminary extensive OMA campaign is conducted in order to construct a reliable finite element (FE) model by fitting the identified modal properties. Afterwards, an optimal sensor arrangement with a limited number of sensors is obtained by applying different model-based OSP techniques. In order to improve the robustness of the solution, material uncertainties are included in the model and the optimal sensor placement is conducted within a statistical framework. This methodology is presented and evaluated with a case study of a Spanish secular building: the Monastery of San Jerónimo de Buenavista in Seville (Spain). In particular, this paper presents the results of the preliminary ambient vibration test and the modal identification of the monastery, the updating process of the FE model, as well as a critical review of the different OSP techniques within a framework of material parameter uncertainty. The presented analysis demonstrate that OSP techniques based on the rank optimization of the kinetic energy matrix of the structure yield robust sensor layout.

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Link to paper using doi: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2019.109843

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