A Finite Element Model for the Thermo-Elastic Analysis of Imperfect Functionally Graded Porous Nanobeams

AI Aria (Tabriz University, Iran), T Rabczuk (Bauhaus University Weimar, Germany) & MI Friswell (Swansea University)

European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids, Vol. 77, September-October 2019, article 103767


In this study, for the first time, a nonlocal finite element model is proposed to analyse thermo-elastic behaviour of imperfect functionally graded porous nanobeams (P-FG) on the basis of nonlocal elasticity theory and employing a double-parameter elastic foundation. Temperature-dependent material properties are considered for the P-FG nanobeam, which are assumed to change continuously through the thickness based on the power-law form. The size effects are incorporated in the framework of the nonlocal elasticity theory of Eringen. The equations of motion are achieved based on first-order shear deformation beam theory through Hamilton's principle. Based on the obtained numerical results, it is observed that the proposed beam element can provide accurate buckling and frequency results for the P-FG nanobeams as compared with some benchmark results in the literature. The detailed variational and finite element procedure are presented and numerical examinations are performed. A parametric study is performed to investigate the influence of several parameters such as porosity volume fraction, porosity distribution, thermal loading, material graduation, nonlocal parameter, slenderness ratio and elastic foundation stiffness on the critical buckling temperature and the nondimensional fundamental frequencies of the P-FG nanobeams. Based on the results of this study, a porous FG nanobeam has higher thermal buckling resistance and natural frequencies compared to a perfect FG nanobeam. Also, the format of the porosity distribution is important, that uniform distributions of porosity result in greater critical buckling temperatures and vibration frequencies, in comparison with functional distributions of porosities.

Paper Availability

This material has been published in the European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids, Vol. 77, September-October 2019, article 103767, the only definitive repository of the content that has been certified and accepted after peer review. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by Elsevier.

Link to paper using doi: 10.1016/j.euromechsol.2019.04.002

European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids on ScienceDirect