Static Fracture and Modal Analysis Simulation of a Gas Turbine Compressor Blade and Bladed Disk System

R Fernandes, S El-Borgi (Texas A&M University at Qatar), K Ahmed (Qatar University, Qatar), MI Friswell & N Jamia (Swansea University)

Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences, Vol. 3, paper 30, November 2016


This paper presents a methodology for conducting a 3-D static fracture analysis with applications to a gas turbine compressor blade. An open crack model is considered in the study and crack-tip driving parameters are estimated by using 3-D singular crack-tip elements in ANSYS. The static fracture analysis is verified with a special purpose fracture code (FRANC3D). Once the crack front is perfectly defined and validated, a free vibration study is conducted by analyzing the natural frequencies and modeshapes for both a single blade and bladed disk system. Taking advantage of high performance computing resources, a high fidelity finite element model is considered in the parametric investigation. In the fracture simulation, the influence of the size of a single edged crack as well as the rotational velocity on fracture parameters (stress intensity factors and J- Integral) are evaluated. Results demonstrate that for the applied loading condition, a mixed mode crack propagation is expected. In the modal analysis study, increasing the depth of the crack leads to a decrease in the natural frequencies of both the single blade and bladed disk system, while increasing the rotational velocity increases the natural frequencies. The presence of a crack also leads to mode localization for all mode families, a phenomenon that cannot be captured by a single blade analysis.

Paper Availability

This material has been published in the Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences, as an open access paper.

Link to paper using doi: 10.1186/s40323-016-0083-7

Advanced Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences